Declan Butler, reporter

January 23, 2008

Nuclear proliferation — a wake-up call

Filed under: Uncategorized — admin @ 8:21 pm

After the success of the international mobilization in the Libya hostage crisis, I’ve been informing myself, through discussions with many people, as to what are the most pressing issues, where change could be made, and influence and impact exercised, by similarly raising awareness among both the public and those well-placed to create change. With US elections this year, and the review conference of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty (NPT) coming up in 2010 — which in intergovernmental terms is tomorrow — I’ve no doubt as to what is one of the most pressing issues of our time. It is nuclear proliferation, and it is a way more complex issue than just Iran or rogue states. And we have a window of opportunity to make progress on it now. The first step is becoming informed; it’s not an easy topic to grasp in all its complexity, but it is well worth it.

I’ve been happy that in this month of January 2008 alone, Nature has dedicated 2 editorials to the topic, and 3 news analyses — it is going to be a topic that you will hear much more about on this blog throughout this year.

Here are the links to the Nature articles from this month:
1. Resurgent nuclear threats
2. Nuclear war: the threat that never went away
3. Nuclear war: the safety paradox
4. Fuel’s paradise
5. Nuclear fuel: keeping it civil

Excerpt of one editorial: (more…)

Q&A with Larry Brilliant, executive director of Google.org

Filed under: Uncategorized — admin @ 7:34 pm

I had a chat last week with Larry Brilliant, executive director of Google.org, Google’s philanthropic arm, which plans to tackle emerging diseases, climate change and poverty. I’ve tried to distill this into what’s known in journalism jargon as a Q&A format in this article in Nature tonight.

Brilliant has had a fascinating career; for a quick summary see the Wikipedia entry on him, including being involved in the eradication of smallpox. His TED talk can be found here, and while we are at TED, here are two must-watch TED talks on bringing health and poverty data to life by Hans Rosling from the Karolinska Institute — who is at Google.org at the moment. We gave Hans’s work a nod in a recent Nature editorial

Brilliant faces a major challenge in mapping out a coherent and effective strategy, but with Google’s resources and networks behind it, Google.org could be a real force for change; I for one will be watching the development of this young organization, which is still naturally finding its feet, with great interest.

Here are some excerpts from the Q&A with Larry Brilliant:

The grants Google.org announced last week were small compared with those made by the Gates Foundation’s Global Health Program.

It’s too early for substantial funding but Google has set aside a generous amount for philanthropy — 1% of equity and 1% of profit. We’ve invested a total of US$75 million so far, but I consider these mostly exploratory grants. It is the beginning of a long process and we will be ramping up giving in the future.


How will the organization work to anticipate new pandemics?

With our ‘Predict and Prevent’ initiative we hope to develop an entire new science of epidemiology and surveillance, both for existing diseases and to spot emerging ones early on. One way is to strengthen national health services — look at the polio surveillance system in India, for example, which is the finest for any disease. We are now funding the Global Health and Security Initiative’s work on the Mekong Basin Disease Surveillance network, to boost diagnostic capacities, train people and help create a regional surveillance network for this hotspot, which covers Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. It is also using tabletop planning exercises with modern war-gaming techniques to better prepare a pandemic response. The Mekong project is about creating best practices that can then be transposed elsewhere. It’s all about sharing data, visualizing data and creating the IT tools that people would like these countries to have to mount fast and effective responses.

I see Google is also involved in biology.

We want to detect emerging pandemic agents. Humans are increasingly coming into closer contact with animals in many places, creating hotspots where new diseases emerge by jumping the species barrier. So we plan to support work that takes paired blood samples from animals eaten for bushmeat in Africa, and from their hunters. This will create genomic maps of the viruses present, and reveal how these agents change over time. It’s part of an entirely new chain of information gathering, which at some point will need to be centralized by the World Health Organization, the World Organisation for Animal Health or a non-governmental organization.

How are your relations with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation?

I love the Gates Foundation, they are wonderful people, and we will work with them. They have been so kind to me and Google.org. They invited us round to help us understand philanthropy and how it can best be used. When I heard Bill and Melinda speaking recently on their commitment to malaria, I had tears in my eyes.

And here’s one important question that got cut because of space:

Have you a message for Nature’s scientist and other readers?
Look at Google.org’s goals, and if convergent, they should articulate a way that they think they can help, and write to the relevant groups leader. We are looking for partners everywhere.

A very mysterious foundation

Filed under: Uncategorized — admin @ 6:56 pm


That’s the title of an article I’ve in Nature tonight on the World Innovation Foundation, a Bern-based charity, which I found operates in fact largely out of a one-man building consultancy in Huddersfield, a town in Northern England.

Some excerpts

Some 3,000 scientists, including more than 100 Nobel laureates, have apparently accepted membership of a body called the World Innovation Foundation (WIF), which claims to be a powerful world-changing network to provide “the technological tools and miracle technologies that we shall all need to solve the world’s impending global problems”.

No fewer than four Nobel laureates hold executive positions in the WIF’s governance, according to its website: Jerome Karle, William Knowles, Robert Huber, and Yuan Lee. Huber, described as vice-president, claims that he has no recollection of joining the organization. “I am not aware what this organization is,” he says.

Yuan Lee, a 1986 Nobel laureate in chemistry, says he has had “very limited” involvement with the foundation that amounted to accepting a 2002 invitation to join, signing a WIF letter opposing the Iraq war, and accepting in 2004 the position of the WIF ‘national representative’ in Taiwan. Since accepting this position he has had no dealings with the WIF, he says.

Nature polled several WIF fellows who advertise their fellowships on their websites. What emerges is a pattern whereby scientists join on the strength of the list of existing members, but know little about the foundation or its activities.
(more…)

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